[28] Moscow favored reducing international tensions in 1960, as it was election year for the U.S. "[74] The Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968 led to intense Sino-Soviet tension and to the withdrawal of Chinese forces from North Vietnam. "Charlie" referred to communist forces in general, both Viet Cong and North Vietnamese. While Beijing urged a fight to the finish, Moscow suggested a negotiated settlement. (PRG), The Tet Offensive increased American public discontent with participation in the Vietnam War and led the U.S. to gradually withdraw combat forces and to shift responsibility to the South Vietnamese, a process called Vietnamization. Communist guerrilla force that, with the support of the North Vietnamese Army, fought against South Vietnam (late 1950s-1975) and the United States (early 1960s-1973) [41][nb 6] Even as Hanoi embraced China's international line, it continued to follow the Soviet model of reliance on technical specialists and bureaucratic management, as opposed to mass mobilization. Définition vietcong dans le dictionnaire de définitions Reverso, synonymes, voir aussi 'vection',viêt-muong',vireton',vietnamo', expressions, conjugaison, exemples [57] The U.S. and South Vietnamese expected that an announced seven-day truce would be observed during Vietnam's main holiday. et Cong (vē-ĕt′kŏng′, -kông′, vē′ĭt-, vyĕt′-) n. pl. It was a turning point in the war. [6] Today's Vietnamese media most frequently refers to the group as the "Liberation Army of South Vietnam" (Quân Giải phóng Miền Nam Việt Nam) .[10]. In March, Trà was recalled to Hanoi for a series of meetings to hammer out a plan for an enormous offensive against Saigon. In 1968, when U.S. officials were claiming the Vietnam War was nearly won, North Vietnam and the Viet Cong launched a devastating attack during the Tet holiday. a Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam. Vietcong also Viet Cong Abbr. The Viet Cong used any available tactic to demoralize and intimidate the population, including the assassination of South Vietnamese commanders. [nb 4] The "2d Liberation Battalion" ambushed two companies of South Vietnamese soldiers in September 1959, the first large unit military action of the war. [18] Nguyễn Hữu Xuyên was assigned military command in the South,[19] replacing Lê Duẩn, who was appointed North Vietnam's acting party boss. They could be called irregulars, insurgents, guerrillas…but not infantry. [42] Soviet aid soared following a visit to Hanoi by Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin in February 1965. [71] In May 1968, Trường Chinh urged "protracted war" in a speech that was published prominently in the official media, so the fortunes of his "North first" fraction may have revived at this time. ), communiste et nationaliste, du Viêt-nam du Sud, par ses adversaires, pendant la guerre du Viêt-nam (1960-1975). [83] North and South were merged as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in July 1976 and the PRG was dissolved. "[59] The offensive included a commando raid on the U.S. Embassy in Saigon and a massacre at Huế of about 3,500 residents. 1. relatif aux guérilleros du … After the fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975, the PRG moved into government offices there. Nguyên Ai Quôc, qui n'est pas encore Hô Chi Minh, rentre au Viêt Nam pour poursuivre la lutte indépendantiste. vietcong \vjɛt.kɔ̃g\ masculin et féminin identiques. [43] The U.S. would have 200,000 soldiers in South Vietnam by the end of the year.[44]. By mid-1962, there were 12,000 U.S. military advisors in Vietnam. But there were a wide variety of targets, including clinics and medical personnel. [58] In January and February 1968, some 80,000 Viet Cong struck more than 100 towns with orders to "crack the sky" and "shake the Earth. Le dictionnaire des synonymes est surtout dérivé du dictionnaire intégral (TID). ○   Anagrammes LA fenêtre fournit des explications et des traductions contextuelles, c'est-à-dire sans obliger votre visiteur à quitter votre page web ! [6] Seventeen civilians were killed by machine gun fire at a bar in Châu Đốc in July and in September a district chief was killed with his entire family on a main highway in broad daylight. Viêt-cong definition, meaning, French dictionary, synonym, see also 'viêt-muong',vection',vireton',vietnamo', Reverso dictionary, French definition, French vocabulary Those under the control of Viet Cong were designated as “free fire zones” and bombed and shelled, under the assumption that anyone who lived there was Viet Cong by definition. Les jeux de lettres anagramme, mot-croisé, joker, Lettris et Boggle sont proposés par Memodata. Definition of vietcong in the Definitions.net dictionary. [33] For Chinese leader Mao Zedong, aid to North Vietnam was a way to enhance his "anti-imperialist" credentials for both domestic and international audiences. A member of the communist guerrilla movement in Vietnam that fought the South Vietnamese government forces 1954–75 with the support of the North Vietnamese army and opposed the South Vietnamese and US forces in the Vietnam War. [63], The offensive was undertaken in the hope of triggering a general uprising, but urban Vietnamese did not respond as the Viet Cong anticipated. [84] According to the memoirs of Trần Văn Trà, the Viet Cong's top commander and PRG defense minister, he followed orders issued by the "Military Commission of the Party Central Committee" in Hanoi, which in turn implemented resolutions of the Politburo. [85], Anti-communists countered that the Viet Cong was merely a front for Hanoi. [56][nb 7] He submitted a plan to Hanoi in May 1967. Le service web Alexandria est motorisé par Memodata pour faciliter les recherches sur Ebay. The 1972 Easter Offensive was a direct North Vietnamese attack across the DMZ between North and South. [72] The group's manifesto called for an independent, non-aligned South Vietnam and stated that "national reunification cannot be achieved overnight. [6], The Vietnam Workers Party approved a "people's war" on the South at a session in January 1959 and this decision was confirmed by the Politburo in March. Disappointed with the results of the 1964 U.S. presidential election, the Kremlin did not try to influence the election of 1968. Military forces of the non-communists regrouped in South Vietnam, which became a separate state. [82], Activists opposing American involvement in Vietnam said that the Viet Cong was a nationalist insurgency indigenous to the South. Information and translations of vietcong in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … [6], Led by Ngô Đình Diệm, South Vietnam refused to sign the Geneva Accord. Viet definition is - a member of the Vietminh. 1.nom donné au Front National de Libération (F.N.L. [47] Rice procured at gunpoint sustained the Viet Cong. [9], Former revolutionary organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia, This article is about the communist political organisation in South Vietnam. Pushed into Cambodia, the Viet Cong could no longer draw South Vietnamese recruits. [71], The Viet Cong created an urban front in 1968 called the Alliance of National, Democratic, and Peace Forces. ○   Boggle. Naval sappers attacked water supply routes and coastal installations. [24] French scholar Bernard Fall published an influential article in July 1958 which analyzed the pattern of rising violence and concluded that a new war had begun. A communist organization and guerrilla army in South Vietnam and Cambodia that fought the United States, South Korea, Australia, and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War and was supported by communist North Vietnam. [43] Hanoi was soon receiving up-to-date surface-to-air missiles. Viet-Cong. When there was no U.S. response to a successful communist attack on Phước Bình in January 1975, South Vietnamese morale collapsed. ), communiste et nationaliste, du Viêt-nam du Sud, par ses adversaires, pendant la guerre du Viêt-nam (1960-1975). : a guerrilla member of the Vietnamese Communist movement. À la suite d'une décision du huitième plénum du parti communiste indochinois, le 19 mai 19413, jour de … [14] Leadership divided into a "North first", or pro-Beijing, faction led by Trường Chinh, and a "South first" faction led by Lê Duẩn. How to … [39] The "special war" and "strategic hamlets" policies allowed Saigon to push back in 1962, but in 1963 the Viet Cong regained the military initiative. Une fenêtre (pop-into) d'information (contenu principal de Sensagent) est invoquée un double-clic sur n'importe quel mot de votre page web. [35] The Viet Cong grew rapidly; an estimated 300,000 members were enrolled in "liberation associations" (affiliated groups) by early 1962. adj. Grâce à #ETC, vous ne ferez plus cette erreur de débutant. Created in 1960, they lead an uprising against Diem's repressive regime in the South. The Viet Cong was formed in 1954 and lasted until 1976, when it was disbanded. [13] COSVN was initially located in Tây Ninh Province near the Cambodian border. Astuce: parcourir les champs sémantiques du dictionnaire analogique en plusieurs langues pour mieux apprendre avec sensagent. [36] The Viet Cong won its first military victory against South Vietnamese forces at Ấp Bắc in January 1963. "[72] In June 1969, the alliance merged with the NLF to form a "Provisional Revolutionary Government." [nb 2] In 1969, the Viet Cong created the "Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam" (Chính Phủ Cách Mạng Lâm Thời Cộng Hòa Miền Nam Việt Nam, abbreviated PRG. L'encyclopédie française bénéficie de la licence Wikipedia (GNU). © 2012 - CNRTL 44, avenue de la Libération BP 30687 54063 Nancy Cedex - France Tél. ○   Lettris [60] House-to-house fighting between Viet Cong and South Vietnamese Rangers left much of Cholon, a section of Saigon, in ruins. Dương Quỳnh Hoa and Phùng Văn Cung, along with other dissidents, met with communists to form the National Liberation Front...", Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam, United Front for the Liberation of Oppressed Races, Viet Cong and PAVN logistics and equipment, Viet Cong and PAVN strategy, organization and structure, "Program of the National Liberation Front of South Viet-Nam", Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic, "Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam (1969–1975)", "Origins of the Insurgency in South Vietnam, 1954–1960", "The History Place — Vietnam War 1945–1960", "The effects of just one month spent in a Viet Cong prison camp show on 23-year-old Le Van Than, who had defected from the Communist forces and joined the Government side, was recaptured by the Viet Cong and deliberately starved", United States Army Center of Military History, "A Dark Glimpse From Eddie Adams's Camera", "Failure of the Viet Cong to establish liberation committees", "Victory in Vietnam: The Official History of the People's Army of Vietnam, 1954–1975 (book review)", "Vietnam: History of the Bulwark B2 Theatre", Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam, Tet Offensive 1968, US Embassy & Saigon fighting, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viet_Cong&oldid=995550990, Defunct political party alliances in Asia, History of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Military units and formations of the Vietnam War, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-LCCN identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, National Liberation Front for Southern Vietnam, Alliance of National Democratic and Peace Forces, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 17:40. Vietcong definition, a Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam. The LASV's best-known action was the Tet Offensive, a gigantic assault on more than 100 South Vietnamese urban centers in 1968, including an attack on the U.S. embassy in Saigon. The term Việt Cộng appeared in Saigon newspapers beginning in 1956. The Viet Cong -- also known as the National Liberation Front -- was primarily an army organization based in Southern Vietnam and parts of Cambodia. [6], In a speech given on September 2, 1957, Hồ reiterated the "North first" line of economic struggle. The NLF was merged with the Vietnamese Fatherland Front in February 1977. [84] They claimed that the Viet Cong was composed of several parties—the People's Revolutionary Party, the Democratic Party and the Radical Socialist Party[2]—and that NLF Chairman Nguyễn Hữu Thọ was not a communist. Viet Cong and the Chinese Origins of Vietnam’s Long Civil War. [57] General William Westmoreland, the U.S. commander, received reports of heavy troop movements and understood that an offensive was being planned, but his attention was focused on Khe Sanh, a remote U.S. base near the DMZ. Viet-Minh et Viet-Cong: voilà 2 termes que l’on a souvent tendance à confondre! adj. [62] In an influential broadcast on February 27, newsman Walter Cronkite stated that the war was a "stalemate" and could be ended only by negotiation. [64] "We did not base ourselves on scientific calculation or a careful weighing of all factors, but...on an illusion based on our subjective desires", Trà concluded. CIA. [29] The group's formation was announced by Radio Hanoi and its ten-point manifesto called for, "overthrow the disguised colonial regime of the imperialists and the dictatorial administration, and to form a national and democratic coalition administration. For the communist independence movement before the Geneva Accords, see, "Vietcong" redirects here. Ajouter de nouveaux contenus Add à votre site depuis Sensagent par XML. COSVN retreated to Mimot in Cambodia. [48] Squads were assigned monthly assassination quotas. Le Viet Cong – également connu comme Front national de libération du Sud Viêt Nam – est essentiellement une organisation de l’armée basée au Vietnam du Sud et dans certaines parties du Cambodge. Vietcong - Traduction Anglais-Français : Retrouvez la traduction de Vietcong, mais également des exemples avec le mot Vietcong... - Dictionnaire, définitions, traduction, section_expression, conjugaison. Our losses were so immense that we were unable to replace them with new recruits", said PRG Justice Minister Trương Như Tảng. vietcong definition, meaning, French dictionary, synonym, see also 'vection',viêt-muong',vireton',vietnamo', Reverso dictionary, French definition, French vocabulary [26], Two regional command centers were merged to create the Central Office for South Vietnam (Trung ương Cục miền Nam), a unified communist party headquarters for the South. The Vietcong were a broad, deeply rooted, popular movement tapping into nationalist feelings throughout the country and society, and their appeal and legitimacy ultimately proved superior to that of the South Vietnamese regime. New Statesman. After subduing the Bình Xuyên organized crime gang in the Battle for Saigon in 1955, and the Hòa Hảo and other militant religious sects in early 1956, Diệm turned his attention to the Viet Cong. Arguing that a free election was impossible under the conditions that existed in communist-held territory, Diệm announced in July 1955 that the scheduled election on reunification would not be held. Translations vietcong peut être employé comme : adjectif singulier invariant en genre, nom singulier invariant en genre. et Cong noun pl. Exemple d’utilisation manquant. Definition of Viet Cong in the Definitions.net dictionary. [6] The ratio of Viet Cong to government soldiers jumped from 1:10 in 1961 to 1:5 a year later.[36]. Chaque lettre qui apparaît descend ; il faut placer les lettres de telle manière que des mots se forment (gauche, droit, haut et bas) et que de la place soit libérée. Soutenus par le Vietnam du Nord (et donc par le Viet-Minh… c’est bien, vous suivez), ils sont à l’origine d’une guérilla très efficace contre les troupes américaines: « pièges à cons » (voir encadré ci-dessous), réseaux de tunnels au cœur de la jungle, dissimulation au milieu de la population paysanne,…. [22] The launch of Sputnik in October boosted Soviet confidence and led to a reassessment of policy regarding Indochina, long treated as a Chinese sphere of influence. In his memoirs, The terminology "liberation front" is adapted from the earlier, This also follows terminology used earlier by leftists in Greece (, This is sometimes referred to as the "Genoa Policy" and later inspired Khrushchev to take credit for Kennedy's election.(. More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary The Communist-led guerrilla force and revolutionary army of South Vietnam. Even though the Viet Cong, or “National Liberation Front for South Vietnam”, were in some ways an arm of the People’s Army of Vietnam in the North, fighting the same cause (against the U.S. and the Southern Vietnamese government the U.S. was supporting), in fact some members of the Viet Cong were not themselves necessarily communists. Love words? [40] After this meeting, the communist side geared up for a maximum military effort and the troop strength of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) increased from 174,000 at the end of 1963 to 300,000 in 1964. [52] Viet Cong death squads assassinated at least 37,000 civilians in South Vietnam; the real figure was far higher since the data mostly cover 1967–72. [12] France withdrew its last soldiers from Vietnam in April 1956.[13]. Elections on reunification were scheduled for July 1956. As the Sino-Soviet split widened in the following months, Hanoi began to play the two communist giants off against each other. About 75,000 communist soldiers were killed or wounded, according to Trần Văn Trà, commander of the "B-2" district, which consisted of southern South Vietnam. Le Front national de libération du Sud Viêt Nam, ou Front national pour la libération du Sud Viêt Nam ou Front de libération nationale du Sud Viêt Nam (FNL ou FLN) officiellement Mặt trận Dân tộc giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam (Front populaire pour la libération du Sud du Vietnam), abrégé en Mặt trận Giải phóng miền Nam (Front pour la libération du Sud), et également désigné sous le nom de Việt Cộng (dénomination péjorative initialement utilisée par ses adversaires, également orthographiée Viet-Cong o… Vietcong. A Vietnamese belonging to or supporting the National Liberation Front of the nation formerly named South Vietnam. Later communist offensives were conducted predominantly by the North Vietnamese. In March 1956, southern communist leader Lê Duẩn presented a plan to revive the insurgency entitled "The Road to the South" to the other members of the Politburo in Hanoi. [nb 8] Trà himself was deputy chief of staff for the PAVN before being assigned to the South. Vietcong definition, a Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam. [45] Six thousand documents were captured, revealing the inner workings of the Viet Cong. What does vietcong mean? [6], To counter the accusation that North Vietnam was violating the Geneva Accord, the independence of the Viet Cong was stressed in communist propaganda. CBS News footage of the Tet Offensive. : +33 3 83 96 21 76 - Fax : +33 3 83 97 24 56 About 90,000 Viet Minh were evacuated to the North while 5,000 to 10,000 cadre remained in the South, most of them with orders to refocus on political activity and agitation. [37] U.S. President John F. Kennedy decided in November 1961 to substantially increase American military aid to South Vietnam. There was also a U.S. presidential election in 1964. [6] A series of uprisings beginning in the Mekong Delta province of Bến Tre in January 1960 created "liberated zones", models of Viet Cong-style government. Le 30 janvier 1968, les Viêt-Cong et les Nord-Vietnamiens déclenchèrent l'offensive du Têt contre les cinq plus grandes villes du Viêt Nam. By the end of 1969, there was little communist-held territory, or "liberated zones", in South Vietnam, according to the official communist military history. Vietcong Definition: the Communist-led guerrilla force and revolutionary army of South Vietnam ; the armed... | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele [27] The fiery declarations of 1959 were followed by a lull while Hanoi focused on events in Laos (1960–61). "It is a major irony of the Vietnam War that our propaganda transformed this debacle into a brilliant victory. En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l'utilisation de ces cookies. Preoccupations is a Canadian post-punk band from Calgary, Alberta, formed in 2012 under the name Viet Cong.The band consists of Matt Flegel (vocals, bass), Scott Munro (guitar, synth), Daniel Christiansen (guitar) and Mike Wallace (drums). [78], In response to the anti-war movement, the U.S. Congress passed the Case–Church Amendment to prohibit further U.S. military intervention in Vietnam in June 1973 and reduced aid to South Vietnam in August 1974. Hanoi gave the regroupees military training and sent them back to the South along the Ho Chi Minh trail in the early 1960s.

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